CATHEDRAL OF ST NICHOLAS

AYIOS NIKOLAOS / LALA MUSTAFA PASHA MOSQUE

N° 21 a
Town / Village : Famagusta / Within the Walls

District : Famagusta

 

DESCRIPTION :

Architecturally this Gothic cathedral follows the plan of the Reims Cathedral (France). The church is divided into three aisles with two rows of six cylindrical columns which flank the central aisle. The aisles end in polygonal apses and there are two square towers flanking the facade. The elegant façade in the west has three elaborately carved porticoes. On the upper part of the façade a large pointed window is decorated with carved floral motifs. In the south and the north wall the windows are simple openings with pointed ends. The building is covered with pointed domes formed by pointed groin vauts which begin from the building’s columns.

In the second half of the 14th century two chapels were erected (north and south side).

In the 16th century a rectangular room covered with groin vaults was built in the south side of the cathedral’s  yard.

The cathedral was turned into a mosque in 1571 .

The Cathedral’interior was originally adomed with wall paintings and was completely whitewashed by the Ottomans. During the same period the scuptures which decorated the building’s interior were also destroyed. Traces of wall paintings survive on the north wall (St George on horseback) and on the apse (Crucifixion). The cathedral also preserves fragments of stained glass in the south aisle.

Period : 14th century

 

OUTSTANDING VALUE :

It is in this cathedral that the Frankish kings of Cyprus and Jerusalem were crowned.

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